Learn more. The cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus womb located between the bladder and the rectum. It forms a canal that opens into the vagina, which leads to the outside of the body. Cervical dysplasia is the abnormal growth of cells on the surface of the cervix. Considered a precancerous condition, it is caused by a sexually transmitted infection with a common virus, the Human Papillomavirus HPV. Cervical dysplasia affects between , and one million women throughout the United States every year.
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Last Updated January This article was created by familydoctor. The vagina opens up into the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus. Cervical dysplasia is detected by a pap test pap smear. Abnormal changes in cells can be mild, moderate, or severe.
Cervical dysplasia isn't cancer. The term indicates that abnormal cells were found on the surface of the cervix. Cervical dysplasia can range from mild to severe, depending on the appearance of the abnormal cells. On the Pap test report, this will be reported as a low- or high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion SIL or sometimes as atypical squamous or glandular cells.